The Fatherland


From: “Free Inquiry” by Paraf-Javal

Source: Libre Examen. Paris, Edition du groupe d’études scientifiques, 1907; via M.I.A.


The groupings of men inhabiting certain portions of territories subject to the same laws are called fatherlands, nations.

Two nations believe or don’t that they have the same interests. In the first case there is peace, but feelings less favorable to humans of other nations, towards strangers (nationals feeling solidarity for each other). In the second case there is antipathy towards foreigners, protectionism, armed peace, war. All of this hinders individual development.

We see that the idea of the fatherland inevitably implies a sentiment less favorable towards the humans of other fatherlands, and possible, probable, or certain hatred.

To hate a mass of beings who you don’t personally know, to hate those unknown, to risk finding oneself obliged to kill them or to have oneself killed by them is absurd. Nationalists and patriots are thus dangerous madmen.

Those who desire universal peace should radically rid themselves of nationalism and patriotism, should suppress nations, fatherlands.

The common interests of all humans being the favoring of the complete satisfaction of all an individual’s natural needs, only one grouping has a chance of realizing this ideal, the grouping of all humans: HUMANITY

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